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Is Crying Good for You?

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Shedding Tears for Health: The Surprising Benefits of Crying

Crying is a natural human response to emotional and physical stimuli. It involves the shedding of tears from the eyes and can be accompanied by facial expressions, vocalizations, and changes in behavior. Common reasons for crying include sadness, joy, stress, pain, and frustration. While crying is often seen as a sign of weakness or vulnerability, research suggests that it may have several benefits for our physical and emotional health.

The purpose of this article is to delve into the science behind crying and explore some of the surprising ways in which it can be good for us. While we often associate crying with negative emotions, such as sadness or grief, the truth is that tears can be shed for a variety of reasons and can have a range of positive effects on our overall well-being. From mood regulation to stress relief, crying has some powerful health benefits that are worth exploring in more detail.

Emotional Benefits of Crying

Crying isn't just a physical response to emotional or physical stimuli. It has emotional benefits as well.

Release of Pent-up Emotions

Crying can help release pent-up emotions. When we hold in our emotions, they can build up and create tension, potentially leading to physical and mental health problems. Crying provides an outlet for these emotions, allowing us to release them and move on.

Mood Regulation

Crying can also regulate our mood. After crying, we may feel a sense of relief and well-being. This comes from the release of hormones, such as oxytocin and endorphins, which can make us feel happier and more relaxed.

Stress Relief

Research has also suggested that crying can relieve stress. The act of crying may help reduce the levels of cortisol, a hormone that is associated with stress and anxiety. This makes sense, as crying often occurs when we are overwhelmed or stressed. By crying, we may be helping to reduce those feelings of stress and anxiety.

In conclusion, the emotional benefits of crying cannot be overstated. By shedding tears, we can release our pent-up emotions, regulate our mood, and reduce stress levels. Crying provides a natural and healthy release for our emotions, and we should embrace it as a powerful tool for emotional healing.

Physical Benefits of Crying

When people cry, their tears are not just a manifestation of their emotions. There are also physical benefits of this natural process.

Removal of Toxins

Crying helps remove toxins from our body. Tears contain stress hormones and other toxins, and when we cry, our tears help to flush these toxins out of our system. Regular crying can help keep these toxins from building up in our body, which can help prevent physical health problems over time.

Pain Relief

Crying also has the potential to relieve pain. This is due to the release of endorphins when we cry. Endorphins are natural painkillers that our body produces in response to stress or pain. The act of crying can trigger the release of these endorphins, making us feel better and reducing physical pain levels.

Improved Immune System

Research has suggested that crying can also improve our immune system. The chemicals found in our tears can fight off harmful bacteria and other pathogens, helping to prevent illnesses and keep us healthy and strong. Additionally, crying may help release stress and tension, which can weaken our immune system over time. By crying, we may be helping to strengthen our body's natural defense mechanisms.

Overall, the physical benefits of crying are numerous and important for our overall health and well-being. By shedding tears, our body can rid itself of toxins, reduce pain, and improve our immune system. Crying can be a natural and effective way to maintain good physical health, in addition to supporting our emotional health.

Negative Effects of Holding in Tears

While shedding tears can have many health benefits, not allowing ourselves to cry can result in negative consequences on our emotional, physical, and psychological well-being.

Emotional Repercussions

Holding in tears can have detrimental effects on our emotional state. Bottling up emotions can lead to feelings of heightened stress and anxiety, which, if left unaddressed, can lead to more severe mental health problems over time. The act of crying can allow us to release built-up emotions and alleviate stress, providing an outlet for our emotions.

Physical Repercussions

Suppressing tears can also have physical repercussions on our body. Holding in tears can lead to increased tension in our muscles, particularly in our face, neck, and shoulders. This can cause discomfort and even pain over time. Additionally, the act of crying can release tension and strain in our body, promoting relaxation and reducing physical tension.

Psychological Repercussions

Beyond emotional and physical effects, holding in tears can also have psychological repercussions on our mental health. Stifling tears can create feelings of isolation and lead to a sense of disconnection from oneself and others. This can make it difficult to develop close relationships and cultivate emotional bonds, as we may be hesitant to express our true emotions. Allowing ourselves to cry can promote a sense of emotional connection and vulnerability, deepening our relationships and enriching our lives.

In conclusion, holding in tears can lead to negative consequences on our emotional, physical, and psychological health. While there may be traditional stigmas surrounding crying, it is important to embrace our emotions and allow ourselves to shed tears when we feel the need to do so. By doing so, we can maintain optimal health and nurture our relationships with others.

Cultural Stigma Surrounding Crying

While the act of crying has many benefits, cultural stigmas surrounding crying can make it difficult for people to embrace their emotions fully. Crying is often perceived as a sign of weakness or as an expression of uncontrollable emotion. However, attitudes are changing, with a growing understanding of the health benefits that crying can provide.

Traditional Gender Roles

Historically, traditional gender roles have dictated expectations for how men and women should express their emotions. Men, in particular, have been discouraged from crying and expressing vulnerability. The idea of "toughening up" and "not being a crybaby" has been perpetuated in popular culture, leading men to feel pressured to suppress their emotions. This can have negative consequences for their mental and physical health, as holding in tears can lead to increased stress and tension in the body.

Fear of Vulnerability

Fear of vulnerability is another reason why people may be hesitant to cry. Showing emotion can be seen as risky, as it requires a level of trust and openness with others. This fear can prevent individuals from expressing their true feelings, leading to a sense of emotional repression. However, allowing oneself to be vulnerable can lead to a stronger sense of emotional connection and deepen relationships with others.

Changing Attitudes Toward Crying

Fortunately, attitudes toward crying are shifting. There is growing recognition of the health benefits of shedding tears and a greater understanding of the importance of emotional expression. People are increasingly embracing their emotions, recognizing the value of vulnerability and openness. As a result, cultural stigmas surrounding crying are gradually eroding, allowing people to reap the physical, emotional, and psychological benefits of shedding tears.


In conclusion, crying is a natural and healthy human response with numerous physical, emotional, and psychological benefits. Whether it's prompted by sadness, joy, or frustration, shedding tears can help regulate mood, reduce stress, and improve overall well-being.

Recap of Benefits and Consequences

We have delved into the different reasons why humans cry, the emotional and physical benefits of shedding tears, and the negative effects of holding in emotions. Crying can have positive effects on mood regulation, stress relief, removal of toxins from the body, pain relief, and improved immune system function. On the other hand, not allowing oneself to cry can lead to emotional repression, increased tension, and potential risk for psychological problems.

Encouragement to Embrace Crying as a Natural and Healthy Human Response

We encourage everyone to embrace their emotions and not be afraid to shed tears. Society may perpetuate the stigmas surrounding crying, but it's important to remember that crying is a natural response that helps us navigate our emotions. By embracing our emotions, we can build support systems and deepen our relationships with others. Remember, crying doesn't make us weak - it makes us human.

Final Thoughts

In our fast-paced and often hectic world, it's all too easy to suppress emotions and keep pushing forward. However, taking the time to express our emotions and shed tears can have immense benefits for our physical and emotional health. So next time you feel the tears welling up, know that it's perfectly okay to let them flow.

William H. McDaniel, MD

Dr. Robert H. Shmerling is the former clinical chief of the division of rheumatology at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC), and is a current member of the corresponding faculty in medicine at Harvard Medical School.

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