Anti-Inflammatory Foods List: Fighting Inflammation Through Diet

Doctors have discovered that one of the most effective ways to combat inflammation lies within your refrigerator. Instead of reaching for a pill bottle, consider an anti-inflammatory diet to help ward off inflammation for good.

What is Inflammation

Inflammation is a natural response of the body to injury, illness, or infection, which can result in redness, swelling, pain, and heat in the affected area. This acute inflammation is typically a short-lived response that resolves on its own.

However, another type of inflammation, known as systemic inflammation, can affect the entire body and become chronic, persisting for months or even years. Chronic, systemic inflammation is a contributing factor to several diseases, including:

  • Obesity
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Prediabetes
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Heart disease
  • Inflammatory bowel disease, including Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis
  • Some forms of cancer
  • Arthritis
  • Alzheimer’s disease

Chronic systemic inflammation is a significant contributing factor to the development of these diseases.

Fighting Inflammation Through Diet

Your body's immune system is activated when it detects anything foreign, such as pollen, chemicals, or a microbe that has invaded your body. In response, your body will often trigger inflammation.

While this is a necessary process to protect your health, inflammation can become a problem if it persists even when no foreign invaders are present. Chronic inflammation has been linked to various diseases such as cancer, heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, depression, and Alzheimer's.

It's time to swap out your pharmacy prescription for a grocery list. Many experimental studies have proven that certain components found in food or beverages can have anti-inflammatory effects. According to Dr. Frank Hu, a professor of nutrition and epidemiology at the Harvard School of Public Health, this makes your grocery store one of the most powerful tools to combat inflammation.

Anti Inflammatory Foods List Overview

Managing chronic pain and reducing inflammation can be achieved by making simple dietary interventions. By incorporating inflammation-fighting, anti-inflammatory substances into your diet, you can promote anti-inflammatory protection and reduce the risk of diseases associated with systemic inflammation, such as rheumatoid arthritis, heart disease, and certain cancers.

Whole grains like brown rice and plant-based foods provide anti-inflammatory protection and offer several health benefits. Additionally, including omega-3 fatty acids and healthy fats in your diet can help reduce inflammatory gene markers and inflammatory cells that trigger inflammation.

In contrast, inflammatory foods, such as fried foods, can promote inflammation and increase the risk of chronic diseases. Choosing a healthy diet that includes foods like those in the Mediterranean and DASH diet can offer anti-inflammatory benefits and reduce blood pressure.

By incorporating inflammation-fighting foods and healthy fats, you can reduce inflammation, manage chronic pain, and reap several health benefits associated with a whole-food, plant-based diet.

The Dangers of Foods Increase Inflammation

Chronic, low-grade inflammation can silently contribute to numerous diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, and type 2 diabetes. Fortunately, there are simple tips from Harvard Medical School experts to help protect yourself from this silent killer and stay healthy.

Making the right choices with anti-inflammatory foods could potentially reduce your risk of illness. Conversely, consistently choosing the wrong foods could accelerate the inflammatory disease process.

Foods that Cause Inflammation

Here's the list of foods that may cause inflammation:

  • Refined carbohydrates, like white bread, snack foods, and pastries
  • Fried foods, such as French fries
  • Sugar-sweetened beverages, like soda
  • Red meat, such as burgers and steaks
  • Processed meat, like hot dogs and sausage
  • Fats like margarine, shortening, and lard (foods with partially hydrogenated oils)

To minimize inflammation, try to avoid or limit the consumption of these foods as much as possible.

Unsurprisingly, the same foods included in an anti-inflammatory diet are also considered bad for our health. These foods include sodas, refined carbohydrates, red meat, and processed meats, which have been linked to an increased risk of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

According to Dr. Hu, Harvard MD, this is because inflammation is a significant underlying mechanism for the development of these diseases.

Unhealthy foods are also known to contribute to weight gain, which is a risk factor for inflammation. However, several studies have shown that even after researchers accounted for obesity, the link between certain foods and inflammation persisted. This suggests that some food components or ingredients may have independent effects on inflammation beyond simply increasing caloric intake.

Cooking Method Matters

When it comes to reducing inflammation, the way you cook your food matters. Baking, steaming, or fast stir-frying are preferable to deep frying or grilling, especially when it comes to red meat.

Grilling meat can create compounds associated with cancer as fat drips onto the flames and releases these compounds that end up in the food on your plate. However, grilled vegetables and low-fat fish are safe and delicious options.

Don't hesitate to use the microwave if you're short on time. It's a healthier option than frying or grilling at high heat. Microwaving cooks and heats by activating water molecules is a gentler process. This allows the anti-inflammatory properties to maintain their efficacy.

It's also important to be mindful of your sauces and dressings. While fish and vegetables are healthy, their benefits can be negated if they're paired with processed foods such as sauces and dressings high in inflammatory ingredients like sugar, trans fat, and sodium. Be cautious of what you add to your healthy meals!

Foods that Fight Inflammation

Here's a list of anti-inflammatory foods that you should include in your diet:

  • Tomatoes
  • Olive oil
  • Green leafy vegetables, such as spinach, kale, and collards
  • Nuts like almonds and walnuts
  • Dark chocolate and cocoa
  • Fatty fish like salmon, mackerel, tuna, and sardines
  • Fruits such as strawberries, blueberries, cherries, and oranges
  • Certain spices such as turmeric

By incorporating these foods into your diet, you can promote an anti-inflammatory response in your body and reap its many health benefits.

Anti-inflammatory foods not only help reduce inflammation but also offer several health benefits. According to Dr. Bernstein, certain fruits and vegetables like blueberries, apples, and leafy greens are rich in natural antioxidants and polyphenols, which are plant protective compounds. These foods can help reduce the risk of chronic diseases.

Nuts have also been linked to a reduced risk of inflammation and chronic diseases like cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Additionally, coffee contains anti-inflammatory compounds such as polyphenols, which may help protect against inflammation.

Anti-Inflammatory Diets

If you're trying to reduce inflammation levels, following a healthy eating habits and a well-rounded diet is best.

Consider adopting the Mediterranean diet, which is high in anti inflammatory diet fruits, vegetables, nuts, whole grains, fish, and healthy oils, as it closely follows the tenets of anti-inflammatory eating.

Switching to a natural, less processed diet can have a significant impact on your overall physical and emotional health, in addition to reducing inflammation levels. Dr. Aaron Bernstein, Harvard MD notes that a healthy diet reduces the risk of chronic diseases, improves mood, and enhances overall quality of life. So, prioritize healthy eating to optimize your well-being.

Final Thoughts

chronic inflammation, even at low levels, can increase the risk of developing various diseases. To keep inflammation in check, consuming a diverse range of delicious, antioxidant-rich foods is essential.

Several foods can help lower inflammation and reduce the risk of illness. Peppers, dark chocolate, fish, and extra virgin olive oil are just some anti-inflammatory foods you can incorporate into your diet to fight chronic inflammation and many chronic diseases.

Making simple dietary changes and incorporating anti-inflammatory foods into your meals can promote overall health and reduce the risk of chronic diseases.


  1. "Anti-inflammatory diet: What to know" by Medical News Today:
  2. "Anti-inflammatory diet: Road to good health?" by Mayo Clinic:
  3. "The Anti-Inflammatory Diet: A Beginner's Guide and Meal Plan" by Healthline:
William H. McDaniel, MD

Dr. Robert H. Shmerling is the former clinical chief of the division of rheumatology at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC), and is a current member of the corresponding faculty in medicine at Harvard Medical School.

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